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What does the NEB do?
The National Energy Board (NEB) regulates:
- the construction, operation, and abandonment of pipelines that cross international borders or provincial boundaries, as well as the related pipeline tolls and tariffs
- the construction and operation of international power lines and designated inter-provincial power lines
- imports of natural gas and exports of crude oil, natural gas liquids, natural gas, refined petroleum products, and electricity
- oil and gas exploration and production activities in specified areas that are not regulated under joint federal/provincial accords
Most of the NEB’s responsibilities are set out in the National Energy Board Act, Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act and the Canada Petroleum Resources Act.
The NEB also does an environmental assessment when it reviews applications for facilities and activities. For certain projects, an environmental assessment is also required by other federal laws such as the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act, Inuvialuit Final Agreement or Nunavut Land Claims Agreement.
Some Board inspectors are also health and safety officers for the occupational health and safety of pipeline company field staff. These health and safety duties are usually combined with other inspections.
The NEB also monitors aspects of energy supply, demand, production, development, and trade which the federal government controls. The NEB reports to Parliament through the Minister of Natural Resources.
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