Provincial and Territorial Energy Profiles – New Brunswick

Table of Contents
  • Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    NEB (Crude oil, natural gas)

    Description:
    This graph shows hydrocarbon production in New Brunswick from 2006 to 2016. Natural gas production increased from 1.7 MMcf/d to 7.7 Mmcf/d, after peaking at 26.6.MMcf/d in 2008.

  • Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2016)

    Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2016)

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    NEB

    Description:
    This pie chart shows electricity generation by source in New Brunswick. A total of 15.2 TW.h of electricity was generated in 2016.

  • Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    NEB, Natural Resources Canada

    Description:
    This map shows electricity generation facilities in New Brunswick. Facilities are shown by capacity and by primary fuel source.

    Download:
    PDF version [673 KB]

  • Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    NEB

    Description:
    This map shows all rail lines and refineries in New Brunswick, and crude oil infrastructure in Atlantic Canada.

    Download:
    PDF version [454 KB]

  • Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    NEB

    Description:
    This map shows all major natural gas pipelines, offshore natural gas platforms, and the Canaport LNG terminal in the Maritimes.

    Download:
    PDF version [352 KB]

  • Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2015)

    Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2015)

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    NEB

    Description:
    This pie chart shows end-use energy demand in New Brunswick by sector. Total end-use energy demand was 220 PJ in 2015. The largest sector was industrial at 49 % of total demand, followed by transportation (at 25 %), residential (at 17 %), and lastly, commercial (at 9 %).

  • Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2015)

    Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2015)

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    NEB

    Description:
    This figure shows end-use demand by fuel type in New Brunswick in 2015. Refined petroleum products accounted for 139 PJ (63 %) of demand, followed by electricity at 46 PJ (21 %), natural gas at 17 PJ (8 %), biofuels at 16 PJ (7 %), and other at 1 PJ (1 %).

    Note: "Other" includes coal, coke, and coke oven gas.

  • Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector (2015)

    Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector (2015)

    Source and Description:

    Source:
    Environment and Climate Change Canada – National Inventory Report

    Description:
    This stacked column graph shows GHG emissions in New Brunswick by sector every five years from 1990 to 2015 in MT of CO2 equivalent. Total GHG emissions have decreased in New Brunswick from 16 MT of CO2e in 1990 to 14 MT of CO2e in 2015.

Energy Production

Crude Oil

  • New Brunswick does not have any commercial crude oil production.

Refined Petroleum Products (RPPs)

  • New Brunswick is a net producer of RPPs and a significant supplier of gasoline to the United States (U.S.) East Coast.
  • The Irving Oil refinery is the only refinery in New Brunswick and the largest refinery in Canada. With a capacity of 318 thousand barrels per day (Mb/d), it produces RPPs in excess of New Brunswick’s needs and operates primarily for exports to the U.S. and neighbouring provinces.
  • The refinery receives primarily imported crude oil delivered by rail and ship, eastern Canadian crude oil delivered by ship, and some western Canadian crude oil delivered by rail.

Natural Gas/Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs)

  • In 2016, natural gas production in New Brunswick averaged 7.7 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d) (Figure 1). This represented less than 1% of total Canadian natural gas production in 2016.
  • Natural gas is produced at the McCully Field, near Sussex.
  • Since 2014, a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing has been in place in New Brunswick.
  • There is no field production of NGLs in New Brunswick. Small volumes of propane and butane are produced by the Irving Oil refinery.

Electricity and Renewables

  • In 2016, New Brunswick generated 15.2 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity (Figure 2), which is approximately 2% of total Canadian generation. New Brunswick has a generating capacity of 4 520 megawatts (MW).
  • In 2016, approximately 30% of New Brunswick’s electricity generation was from nuclear, 40% was from fossil fuels (natural gas, coal, and petroleum), and 21% was from hydroelectricity. The remainder was produced from wind and biomass.
  • New Brunswick Power Corporation (NB Power) operates a total of 12 hydro, nuclear, coal, oil, and diesel powered stations with a combined capacity of 2 853 MW (Figure 3).
  • New Brunswick is the only province outside of Ontario with nuclear power. The Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station, located near the Bay of Fundy, has a capacity of 705 MW.
  • Generation from wind power increased from none in 2005 to 6% of total generation in 2015. Biomass facilities scattered throughout the province provided 4% of generation.
  • NB Power provides roughly 80% of the province’s generating capacity. The remainder is supplied by independent power producers.

Energy Transportation and Trade

Crude Oil and Liquids

  • There are no crude oil pipelines in New Brunswick. All of New Brunswick’s crude oil supplies arrive by sea or rail. The Irving Oil refinery in Saint John has a large marine terminal capable of receiving very large crude carriers with a capacity of up to 2.5 million barrels of crude oil (Figure 4).
  • The proposed Energy East pipeline project, which would deliver western Canadian and U.S. crude oil to the Irving Oil refinery, would involve constructing oil storage and marine terminal facilities at the end of the pipeline in Saint John.
  • The Irving Oil refinery rail terminal has an estimated capacity of 145 Mb/d. Approximately 10% of Irving Oil’s crude oil demand was delivered by rail in 2015.

Natural Gas

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

  • New Brunswick is home to Canada’s only large-scale LNG terminal. Canaport began operating in 2009 and is located near Saint John. In 2016, Canaport import volumes were 11.6 billion cubic feet (or 31.8 MMcf/d on average). Canaport is operating far below its capacity of 1 200 MMcf/d and now operates primarily for peak winter demand needs.
  • In 2016, the NEB issued 25-year import and export licences to Saint John LNG Development Company Ltd. The project has since been put on hold because of economic considerations.

Electricity

  • New Brunswick exports electricity to PEI via two sub-sea cables. New Brunswick also exports to Maine and imports from Quebec and Maine. In 2016, New Brunswick had about 0.7 TW.h of net electricity exports.
  • NB Power operates over 6 500 kilometers of power lines in New Brunswick, as well as import/export interconnections with Maine, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and PEI.

Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Total Energy Consumption

  • End-use demand in New Brunswick was 220 petajoules (PJ) in 2015. The largest sector for energy demand was industrial at 49% of total demand, followed by transportation at 25%, residential at 17%, and commercial at 9% (Figure 6). New Brunswick’s total energy demand was the 7th largest in Canada, and the 4th largest on a per capita basis.
  • Refined petroleum products were the largest fuel-type consumed in New Brunswick, accounting for 139 PJ, or 63% of total energy consumption. Electricity and natural gas accounted for 46 PJ (21%) and 17 PJ (8%), respectively (Figure 7).

Refined Petroleum Products

  • Total 2016 demand in New Brunswick for RPPs was an estimated 46 Mb/d, or 2% of total Canadian RPP demand. Of New Brunswick’s total demand, an estimated 20 Mb/d was for motor gasoline and an estimated 10 Mb/d was for diesel.
  • RPP prices in New Brunswick have been regulated by the New Brunswick Energy and Utilities Board since 2006. Maximum prices at the retail level for gasoline, diesel, furnace oil, and propane are set on a weekly basis (or as required).

Natural Gas

  • In 2016, New Brunswick consumed an average of 111 MMcf/d of natural gas, which represented 1% of total Canadian demand for natural gas in 2016.
  • New Brunswick’s largest consuming sector for natural gas was the industrial sector, which consumed 102 MMcf/d in 2016. The commercial and residential sectors consumed 7 MMcf/d and 2 MMcf/d, respectively.

Electricity

  • In 2015, annual electricity consumption per capita in New Brunswick was 16.9 megawatt hours (MW.h). New Brunswick ranked 5th in Canada for per capita electricity consumption and consumed 17% more than the national average.
  • New Brunswick’s largest consuming sector for electricity in 2015 was residential (7.8 TW.h). The industrial and commercial sectors consumed 5.2 TW.h and 3.9 TW.h, respectively. New Brunswick’s electricity demand has declined 24% since 2005.
  • Electricity demand is highest in the winter because of space heating requirements for homes and businesses. Demand is lower during the warmer months, and surplus electricity is exported to neighbouring provinces and states.

GHG Emissions

  • New Brunswick’s GHG emissions in 2015 were 14.1 megatonnes (MT) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). New Brunswick’s emissions have declined 13% since 1990.Footnote 1
  • New Brunswick’s emissions per capita are 18.7 tonnes CO2e – 7% below the Canadian average of 20.1 tonnes per capita.
  • The largest emitting sectors in New Brunswick are transportation at 28% of emissions, electricity generation at 27%, and oil and gas (primarily petroleum refining) at 19% (Figure 8).
  • New Brunswick GHG emissions from the oil and gas sector in 2015 were 2.6 MT CO2e, entirely attributable to petroleum refining.  
  • In 2015, New Brunswick’s power sector emitted 3.8 MT CO2e emissions, which represents about 5% of Canada’s GHG emissions from power generation. New Brunswick aims to increase renewables’ share of electricity generation from 28% in 2015 to 40% in 2020.

More Information

 

Date modified: