Electricity (including Renewables)
Throughout much of Canada, provincial governments or publicly owned corporations play the leading role in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. At the provincial and territorial level, the electricity generation mix varies widely reflecting the types of energy available, economic considerations and policy choices. Quebec, Manitoba and British Columbia generation is almost entirely hydro while Alberta and Saskatchewan generation is mainly thermal. Overall, electricity generation in Canada is predominantly hydroelectric (approximately 65 per cent). All combined, hydroelectric, nuclear, and thermal (coal and natural gas) make up around 98 per cent of Canada’s generation fleet.
Canada consumes most electricity generated domestically with exports at less than 10 per cent of total output. Canada also imports a small amount of electricity from the U.S. Distances between Canadian supply and U.S. demand can be shorter than the east-west distances between generation in one province and demand in another. Therefore, trade tends to occur in a north-south direction between provinces and states. The bulk of international electricity trade takes place between the provinces of Québec, Ontario, Manitoba and B.C., and the U.S. In 2013, availability of hydro and nuclear power pushed Canadian net exports to a 10-year high.
Companies seeking to export electricity to the U.S. must get a permit or licence from the NEB and submit a monthly report of trade activities.
- Commodity Tracking SystemFootnote 1 - Electricity
(Annual and monthly exports and imports by source, destination, authorization - includes TB1, TB2(A,B), TB3(A,B)))
- Electricity Export Authorizations
(Current list of valid NEB electricity export permits (updated quarterly))
- Electricity Trade Summary
Analysis and Publications
- Economics of Solar Power in Canada – November 2018
- Nuclear Energy in Canada – Energy Market Assessment – August 2018
- Canada’s Renewable Power Landscape – Energy Market Analysis 2017 – December 2017
- Canada’s Adoption of Renewable Power Sources – Energy Market Analysis – May 2017
- Canada’s Renewable Power Landscape – Energy Market Analysis 2016 – October 2016
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