ARCHIVED – Administrative Monetary Penalty – Westcoast Energy Inc. carrying on business as Spectra Energy Transmission – AMP-001-2015
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NOTICE OF VIOLATION
REFERENCE NUMBER: AMP-001-2015
Information for Pipeline Company / Third Party / Individual:
|Name:||Westcoast Energy Inc. carrying on business as Spectra Energy Transmission|
|Address:||Fifth Avenue Place, East Tower
425 - 1st Street SW
|Province / State:||Alberta|
TOTAL PENALTY AMOUNT:
Date of Notice:
22 January 2015
Regulatory Instrument #:
On 4 September 2014 Westcoast Energy Inc. carrying on business as Spectra Energy Transmission was observed to be in violation of a NEB regulatory requirement. This violation is subject to an administrative monetary penalty, as outlined below.
1. VIOLATION DETAILS
Date of Violation:
from: 4 september 2014 to: 4 september 2014
Total Number of Days: 1
Has compliance been achieved?
If no, a subsequent NoV may be issued.
Location of Violation:
Short Form Description of Violation
(Refer to Schedule 1 of the AMP Regulations)
Provision and Short-form Description
NEB Processing Plant Regulations
4(1) Failure to ensure that the company’s processing plant is designed, constructed, operated or abandoned as prescribed (Type B)
Failure to comply with a term or condition of any certificate, licence, permit, leave or exemption granted under the Act (ss. 2(3) of the AMP Regulations)
2. RELEVANT FACTS
Briefly describe reasonable grounds to believe a violation has occurred
1. On 3-4 September 2014, as part of the NEB's compliance verification activities, a safety inspection was conducted on Westcoast Energy Inc., carrying on business as Spectra Energy Transmission's, (Westcoast) Dawson Creek Gas Plant. The inspection identified non-compliances with ss. 4(1) of the National Energy Board's Processing Plant Regulations (PPR). Subsection 4(1) of the PPR incorporates by reference Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (COHSR) requirements. Specific requirements with respect to inspection, testing and maintenance of equipment are found in subsection 14.20(1) of the COHSR. This non-compliance had the potential to significantly impact worker safety and infrastructure.
2. Non-compliance to ss. 4(1) of the National Energy Board's Processing Plant Regulations (PPR) with respect to overhead cranes was observed by NEB Inspection Officers. They were as follows:
- preoperational inspections were not being conducted.
- log books were not available for some overhead cranes.
- training of workers for overhead crane use was not demonstrated.
- certifications and maintenance for overhead cranes did not appear to be in place.
3. At the completion of the inspection, company representatives agreed that all overhead cranes on site were to be locked-out until a third party service provider had inspected them and determined they were fit for use.
4. On 11 September 2014, the third party inspection report issued highlighted the following deficiencies: mismatching hoist, trolley and monorail capacities, missing bumpers, crane contact with structural bolts (end stop misplacement) and missing bumpers. Many of the overhead cranes on site were recommended for de-rating and deemed unsafe for use in their current state.
5. On 12 September 2014, in their responses to the cited non-compliances, the NEB Inspection Officer received e-mail confirmation from Westcoast that overhead crane inspections had occurred as directed by a third party. Five cranes were to remain out of service after being deemed "unsafe".
6. Similar Non-Compliances were noted at other Westcoast Facilities:
Between 18 June and 4 October 2014, three additional inspections were conducted of Westcoast. The inspections included both gas plants and processing facilities in northern British Columbia. These inspections identified similar, systemic non-compliances with respect to overhead cranes and material handling equipment resulting in non-compliance to ss. 4(1) of the National Energy Board's Processing Plant Regulations (PPR) with respect to overhead cranes and material handling equipment.
Non-compliances found included:
- mismatching hoist and monorail load capacities;
- missing end stops;
- end stop misplacement allowing potential contact with infrastructure;
- missing capacity markings;
- missing bumpers;
- missing log books notating equipment information; and
- missing use-logs and inspection reports.
7. A prompt response in assessing the potential hazard at other facilities did not occur. A company-wide response was not observed until the fourth inspection conducted on 3-4 October 2014, one hundred and four days after the hazards were first identified.
8. The following is the chronology of inspections:
- 18-19 June 2014: Aitken Creek Gas Plant, British Columbia - overhead cranes were locked-out until formally inspected as a result of the NEB inspection.
- 19-21 August 2014: Fort Nelson North Processing Facility, British Columbia - overhead cranes were locked-out until formally inspected as a result of the inspection. Workers using the overhead cranes required training on safe use. Workers using overhead cranes, forklifts and man-lifts required training on internal procedures. Access and use of overhead cranes were to be restricted to authorized users.
- 3-4 September 2014: Dawson Creek Processing Plant, British Columbia - overhead cranes were removed from service until they had been recertified. Westcoast was directed by NEB inspectors to develop/amend procedures associated with equipment management to ensure compliance by workers, provide evidence of equipment inspection, testing and maintenance of forklifts and overhead cranes.
- 3-4 October 2014: Pine River Gas Plant, British Columbia - overhead cranes had been locked out and removed from service voluntarily on October 1, 2014 until they had been formally inspected. The lockout of the overhead cranes occurred only 2 days prior to NEB inspectors were due to be on site.
9. In summary, the following issues were observed by NEB inspection officers:
- crane rails were not marked for weight capacity;
- inspection records for overhead cranes were not available;
- pre-operational log books assigned to overhead cranes, forklifts and man-lifts had not been completed by workers as required by internal procedures and use of the overhead cranes was not documented;
- Safe work procedures for overhead cranes were not available;
- Training records for all employees using overhead cranes were not available, and there was no control over the operation of the overhead cranes by untrained workers; and
- Commissioning and inspection records for overhead cranes were not available.
10. It does not appear that Westcoast conducted a company-wide hazard assessment of all their facilities as a result of the first inspection at Aitken Creek Gas Plant. Reasonable care was not demonstrated by the company to ensure the safety of workers and infrastructure. A breakdown in management system processes on internal communication, internal reporting of hazards and potential hazards, and the formal identification of hazards resulted in non-compliance with regulatory requirements.
3. PENALTY CALCULATION
(a) BASELINE PENALTY (Gravity Value = 0)
|Category||Individual||Any Other Person|
|(Type B)||$10,000||X $40,000|
[Refer to AMP Regulations, Subsection 4(1)]
(b) APPLICABLE GRAVITY VALUE
[Refer to AMP Regulations, Subsection 4(2)]
|Other violations in previous seven (7) years||--||--||--|
|Any competitive or economic benefit from violation||--||--||--|
|X||Reasonable efforts to mitigate / reverse violation’s effect||X||--|
|Company representatives locked out the cranes at the Dawson Creek Gas plant close-out meeting of the inspection on 4 September 2014, which immediately mitigated the risk of harm at that location. However, despite previous findings of similar non-compliances at other facilities (Aitken Creek Gas Plant and Fort Nelson North Processing Facility), the company failed to take preventative action in advance of the NEB inspection at the Dawson Creek location.|
|X||Negligence on part of person who committed violation||--||--||X||--|
The Company failed to effectively train workers in the safe operation and maintenance of overhead cranes as required by the COHSR. Specifically:
|X||Reasonable assistance to Board with respect to violation||X||--|
|Company representatives on site provided full assistance to inspectors, and were compliant in locking out the overhead cranes until they were inspected by a third party. Satisfactory responses to non-compliances were received by the due dates.|
|Promptly reported violation to Board||--|
|X||Steps taken to prevent reoccurrence of violation||X||--|
|The initial inspection identifying the systemic issues was concluded on June 19, 2014. It took until October 1, 2014 for the organization to identify similar issues at the fourth regional processing facility. It is unclear whether the safety hazards were addressed across the organization.|
|Violation was primarily reporting / record-keeping failure||--||--||--|
|X||Any aggravating factors in relation to risk of harm to people or environment||--||--||X|
|The third party inspection report issued on September 11, 2014 highlighted the seriousness of the deficiencies. It identified mismatching hoist, trolley and monorail capacities, missing bumpers, crane contact with structural bolts (end stop misplacement) and missing bumpers. Many of the overhead cranes on site were recommended for de-rating and deemed unsafe for use in their current state, which speaks to the high degree of risk posed to workers.|
(d) DAILY PENALTY
(The baseline penalty, adjusted for the final gravity level)
(e) NUMBER OF DAYS OF VIOLATION
(If more than one day, then the justification must be provided.)
Notes to explain decision to apply multiple daily penalties, or "Not Applicable"
4. TOTAL PENALTY AMOUNT
Note: The total penalty amount shown is based on the period described in Step 1 above. If compliance has not been achieved, a subsequent Notice of Violation may be issued.
5. DUE DATE
You have the right to make a request for a review of the amount of the penalty or the facts of the violation, or both, within 30 days after the Notice of Violation was received.
If you do not pay the penalty nor request a review within the prescribed period, you are considered to have committed the violation and you are liable for the penalty set out in the Notice of Violation. The penalty is due on the date indicated above.
The unpaid penalty amount is a debt due to the Crown and may be recovered by collection procedures stipulated in the Financial Administration Act.
The information regarding the violation may be posted on the NEB website:
- 30 days from the date this Notice of Violation was received or;
- upon issuing a decision following a Request for Review.
To Make Payment:
You may remit your fee payment by Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) or by cheque payable to the order of Receiver General for Canada.
EFT payments can be arranged by contacting the Director of Financial Services, Monday to Friday, from 09:00 to 16:00 Mountain Time:
Telephone: 403-606-0779 / 800-899-1265
Fax: 403-292-5503 / 877-288-8803
Cheques should be made out to the "Receiver General for Canada" and mailed to:
National Energy Board
Centre 10, 517 – 10th Avenue SW
Your completed Payment form should be enclosed with your payment.
To Request a Review
Pursuant to the NEB Act, Section 144, you may file a request for a review of this Notice of Violation by the Board.
The date of filing is the date on which the document is received, as indicated by the date on an e-mail submission or the stamped on the document by a NEB employee.
If you elect to make a request for a review, complete and submit the attached Request for Review form to:
Administrative Monetary Penalty - Reviews
National Energy Board Centre 10, 517 – 10th Avenue SW
For more information on reviews, please see the Administrative Monetary Penalties Process Guide available on the NEB's website.
Administrative Monetary Penalties
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